Amoxicillin

Other Names: Amoxil, Larotid, Polymox, Sumox, Trimox, Utimox, Wymox

Why is this drug prescribed?
Amoxicillin is a penicillin-like antibiotic that eliminates the bacteria that cause infections, including pneumonia, gonorrhea, and infections of the ear, urinary tract and skin.

When should it be used?
Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully, and ask us or your pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Doses should be taken as far apart as possible throughout the day. For example, if you are instructed to take amoxicillin three times a day, take a dose every eight hours. If it is not possible to take the drug around the clock, take it at evenly spaced intervals between the time you wake up in the morning and the time you go to bed at night.

How should it be used?
Amoxicillin comes in capsules, chewable tablets, liquid, and pediatric drops to be taken orally, or in injection form. We have chosen the form that is best for you, and your prescription label tells you how much to take at each dose. Amoxicillin may be taken with food or on an empty stomach. The liquid and pediatric drops should be shaken well before each use to mix the medication evenly. Use the bottle dropper to measure the dose of pediatric drops. You may obtain a specially marked measuring spoon from your pharmacist to be sure of an accurate dose of the liquid. The pediatric drops and liquid may be placed on a child's tongue or added to formula, milk, fruit juice, water, or ginger ale and taken immediately. The tablets should be crushed or chewed thoroughly before they are swallowed. The capsules should be taken with a full glass of water. Ask us or your pharmacist any questions you have about refilling your prescription.

What special instructions should I follow while using this drug?
Take all the medication prescribed, even after the infection appears to have gone away. Failure to do so could allow the infection to return.

What should I do if I forget to take a dose?
Take it as soon as you remember and take any remaining doses for that day at evenly spaced intervals.

What side effects can this drug cause? What can I do about them?

  • Nausea or vomiting
    Take the medication with food to cut down on or eliminate these symptoms.
  • Diarrhea
    Contact us if the diarrhea is severe or lasts for more than two days.
  • Shortness of breath, wheezing, rash, itching, hives
    Contact us or go to a hospital immediately. You may need emergency treatment.

What other precautions should I follow while using this drug?
Women who are breast-feeding should inform their doctors because amoxicillin passes from a mother to her baby in the milk. If you are allergic to penicillins or have asthma, hay fever, allergies or kidney disease tell us before you take this medication. Consult us before using any other medication while taking amoxicillin. Amoxicillin may decrease the effectiveness of some birth control pills, so ask us or your pharmacist if you should use another form of birth control. If you have used all the medication prescribed but still have symptoms of the infection, contact us. If we tell you to stop taking amoxicillin, throw away any unused medication. Amoxicillin may lose its effectiveness and should not be saved to treat another infection.

Elmiron is a weak anticoagulant (blood thinner) and may prolong the prothrombin time and partial thromboplastin time. If you are taking blood thinners or bruise easily, please notify us before taking this medication.