Cipro or Ciprofloxacin

Similar Drugs: Floxin, Maxaquin, Noroxin

Why is this drug prescribed?
Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic used to eliminate the bacteria that cause a number of different infections, including urinary tract infections, pneumonia, and skin, bone and joint infections.

When should it be used?
Ciprofloxacin is usually taken twice a day, for seven to 14 days or longer. Follow the instructions on your prescription label, and ask your pharmacist to explain any part that you do not understand. Ciprofloxacin should be taken at least one hour before or two hours after meals.

How should it be used?
Ciprofloxacin comes in tablets. Your prescription label tells you how much to take at each dose. Take this medication with a full glass of water on an empty stomach. Ask your pharmacist any questions you have about your prescription.

What special instructions should I follow while using this drug?
Take all the medication prescribed, even after you begin to feel better. Failure to do so could allow the infection to return. If your symptoms do not improve within a few days or if you still have signs of infection after taking all your medication, contact your doctor. Ciprofloxacin can cause dizziness and lightheadedness. Do not drive a car or operate dangerous machinery until you know how this drug affects you. You may have urine tests to determine whether the infection is cured. Keep all appointments with your doctor and the laboratory.

What special dietary instructions should I follow while using this drug?
Drink at least eight full glasses of water or other liquids every day. Do not take antacids within four hours of taking ciprofloxacin. Avoid consuming large amounts of coffee, tea, and other caffeine-containing drinks or drugs (many over-the-counter drugs contain caffeine) while taking ciprofloxacin. Ciprofloxacin can make you more susceptible to the nervousness, insomnia, palpitations and anxiety caused by excessive amounts of caffeine.

What should I do if I forget to take a dose?
It is important to take all doses of this medication on schedule, especially during the first few days of treatment, so that bacteria do not become resistant to ciprofloxacin. Try to take ciprofloxacin at the same time that you do some other regular activity, such as brushing your teeth in the morning and going to bed at night. Ask your pharmacist any questions you have about a missed dose.

What side effects can this drug cause? What can I do about them?

  • Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain or discomfort
    Take this medication with a light snack or meals.
  • Headache, restlessness
    Contact us if these effects are severe or persist.
  • Skin rash
    Stop taking ciprofloxacin and contact us immediately.

Some people become very sensitive to sun exposure when taking cipro. If you are going to be exposed to a significant amount of sun, use sunscreen or wear protection. Side effects from ciprofloxacin are not common, but you should be aware that they can occur.

What other precautions should I follow while using this drug?
Women who are pregnant, think they may be pregnant, or are breast-feeding a baby should inform us before taking the drug. Ciprofloxacin should not be taken during pregnancy. If you become pregnant while taking this drug, stop taking it and contact your doctor. Before taking ciprofloxacin, tell us what other prescription and nonprescription drugs you are taking, especially theophylline, antacids, and other anti-infective medications. Before taking ciprofloxacin, tell your doctor if you have epilepsy or kidney disease. Do not allow anyone else, especially a child, to take your medication.