Pelvic organ prolapse is a condition in which the pelvic
organs (bladder, uterus or rectum) bulge into, or even out
of the vagina. Prolapse is a common condition especially
in older patients. However younger women (even in their
20's and 30's) are also affected. Patients suffering from
this condition often describe a feeling of a vaginal bulge.
They report a heavy feeling in the pelvis or even frank
pain. Some patients with prolapse are symptom free. Prolapse
is often associated with bladder or bowel dysfunction such
as urinary or fecal incontinence.
The type of prolapse is commonly described according
to the organ in the pelvis that bulges:
Treatments include observation, non surgical and surgical
therapy. Each option is tailored to the patient based
on her needs and desires.
Types of surgeries:
- Laparoscopic suspension procedures with or without
the use of mesh
- Vaginal suspension procedures with or without
- Obliterative procedures ("colpocleisis")
- Correction of cystocele or rectocele